On the famous Vera Island in the Chelyabinsk Region, archaeologists sum up the summer excavations on land and begin to dive to the bottom of Lake Turgoyak
Vera Island is considered one of the most interesting places for archaeological research in Russia. This is the energetic heart of the Golden Valley and Lake Turgoyak.
On the entire area of Vera Island, archaeological sites occupy about 40 percent of the entire territory. Among them - the site of Neanderthals about a hundred thousand years old, the remains of the Old Believers' hermitage and ancient quarries and mysterious menhirs - vertically placed stones.
Mysteries of Vera Island
The main discovery this year is the megalithic structure. Its size is seven meters long and almost three meters wide. According to archaeologists, Russian scientists have not studied anything of the kind. Monoliths have a shape similar to the head of an animal - the ancient people had a cult of animals. Historians believe that this was a ritual site. Also on the island of Vera was found a head of an animal of small size, very rough, but traceable.
On one of the stones of the megalithic structure, a fairly regular hole was found, which could not be made with the tools available to the ancient builders. This is one of the mysteries of the island. Another mystery is a boulder split in two, under which there is more than a meter of void. Why and how this was done is still unclear.
The latest discovery by archaeologists this year was the site, which was probably an open-air sanctuary. There is a hearth and an altar stone on it. Apparently, in addition to animals, the ancient inhabitants of the island worshiped the Sun, which, again, is not uncommon for that period.
The sunken ancient city The footage of the bottom of Lake Turgoyak, taken by local divers, has already caused a sensation. Previously, scientists were looking for unique structures of the Stone Age only on land. Now it turned out that under the water hides, if not an ancient city, then a small street. A fragment of a stone wall six meters long and a small pier were found.
“It's hard to tell if it's a wall or not. Maybe it's a road in general, maybe the foundation of a building, says Vladimir Topunov, a diver. - There are a lot of old boats, old logs, forged nails. A ring was found set in a stone at a depth of six meters. A broken boat was found nearby. Probably, there could be a mooring place."
According to Igor Fomin, president of the Argonaft underwater archaeological research club, a plan of the bottom, a map of depths, and places most likely for archaeological finds will be drawn up soon. Scientists hope to find the remains of ancient boats, vessels and much more at the bottom of the lake. Underwater exploration will continue until September 12.
For the first time, within the framework of the research program, professional underwater telemetry systems, multibeam sonars will be used to scan the soil layer and build 3D profile maps of the lake bottom. Other means of ground echolocation will also be tested: an interferometer and a profiler.
With their help, you can see a coin three to four centimeters in size at a depth of about half a meter.
Like in Scotland
The last field season brought a lot of results. The first landmark found was the place where the Old Believer chapel was once located, next to it are the ruins of the walls. This is followed by the "gallery", which has not yet been truly dug up, since this requires restorers.
In the "gallery" there is a "portal" comparable to that found in Scotland: the floor is flat, sprinkled with lake sand and tamped down, and on the equinox, at the hour of sunset, the sunbeam in a bizarre way illuminates the insides of the dolnik.
When asked who created all these buildings, the head of the expedition Stanislav Grigoriev made his own assumptions: probably, the "gallery" and other objects were created by a certain people speaking the proto-Yenisei dialect. In the future, archaeologists hope to find a series of megaliths along the coast.
“In general, I could not believe that megalithic structures could be found in the Urals. But when I got acquainted in detail with the territory of the island, I had to admit that these are really megalithic structures. In terms of their architecture, they most of all resemble the megaliths of Western Europe, the so-called corridor gallery tombs,”says Alexei Rezepkin, senior researcher at the Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg.
It is clearly divided into three parts and differs in climate, vegetation and placement of monuments. The greatest concentration of antiquities is observed on the southwestern side of Vera Island. This location is explained by the fact that, oddly enough, the wind is always weaker here. In addition, if you look at the island from a bird's eye view, you will see that it is divided into two parts: northeast (birch and aspen), southwest (pine) - "like a pencil drawn the border", archaeologists joke.
Vera Island is relatively small, its area is 6.5 hectares. Located on Lake Turgoyak in the Chelyabinsk region, on the territory administratively subordinate to the city of Miass. The lake is located in a deep intermountain basin between the Ural-Tau and Ilmensky ridges. This is one of the most beautiful places in the Urals.
The most striking ancient objects of the island are, of course, the megaliths - large religious buildings made of massive stones - similar to the famous megaliths of Western Europe, the Middle East and the dolmens of the Caucasus.
Megalith in the palm of your hand
The local foundation "Island of Faith" is launching the "Megalith in the Palm" project. The dolmen with a gallery discovered this year by archaeologists (megalith number two - ed.), Upon completion of research and measurements, will be presented in the form of a 3D model with holographic elements.
According to preliminary data, the dimensions of a dolmen with a gallery without a mound are three by seven meters, the weight of huge hewn boulders at its base is about 20 tons. This object was chosen for the project as the most megalithic structure.
Together with the full picture of the Ural megalith, it will be possible to see how the lighting system "worked" on the days of the solstice. To do this, you just need to press a special button, said Lada Ivasko, director of the Ostrov Vera Foundation.
The material is based on information from the Ural media: WEB Miass. Ru, Ural-press-inform, Yuzhnouralskaya panorama, RIA Novy Region and Chelyabinsk State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company.